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Analysis of Move Quality

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, we first examined the quality of the moves selected by the expert and novice chess players, for each of the four experimental problems (1,2,3,4). To assess move quality, we asked five expert chess players who did not participate in the study to rate each move on a scale from 1 to 10 (1 = a blunder, 10 = a very strong move). Three of these expert raters were International Masters with FIDE (World Chess Federation) ratings above 2300, and two of the raters were Grand Masters with FIDE ratings above 2500. In addition, we consulted two chess programs (Houdini 2 Pro and Deep Rybka 4). Both of these chess programs have Elo ratings of approximately 3000. Gianvito Rossi suede low top sneakers Black Buy Cheap Great Deals Clearance The Cheapest hbNFfo8
contains the move quality ratings (averaged across the five expert raters), the program scores (averaged across the two programs), the location of each move on the board, and the frequency with which each move was selected by the expert and novice players. Not surprisingly, as shown in Appendix S1 , the experts were better able to select the optimal moves than the novices, and the experts showed superior overall performance for both of the dependent measures of move quality (i.e., expert ratings: (32) = 6.04, <.001; chess program scores: (32) = 4.93, <.001).

Most strikingly, although the experts showed superior overall performance, an equal proportion of novices and experts selected the suboptimal Einstellung move in Problem 1 (i.e., 8 out of 17 players for both groups) instead of the optimal move on the board. Thus, Problem 1 replicates prior findings that the presence of a familiar good solution can prevent chess players from choosing a better solution Nunn Bush Beacon St Moc Toe Oxford Free Shipping Buy eG4n9
[8] , [17] , and reveals that an equal proportion of experts and novices were attracted to the Einstellung move. However, when the Einstellung move was a blunder (i.e., Problems 2, 3 and 4), all of the experts and the majority of the novices were able to avoid selecting the Einstellung move. Overall, this pattern of results supports our hypothesis that a reduction in the move quality of the familiar solution can weaken the strength of the Einstellung effect.

To further investigate the Einstellung effect, we next examined the extent to which the expert and novice players’ eye movements were directed towards the target region of the board. As a starting point for this analysis, we used the following measures (averaged across all four problems) to compare the eye movements of the expert and novices players: (1) Time to first fixation (i.e., the interval of time between the start of the trial, and the start of the first fixation on the target region); (2) Average dwell duration (a dwell is defined as one or more consecutive fixations on the target region, prior to the eyes moving to a different region of the board); (3) Total dwell time (the sum of the duration of all of the dwells on the target region); (4) Number of dwells (the total number of dwells on the target region); (5) Percentage of looking time (the proportion of time that the chess players spent looking at the target region of the board). Table 1 displays the means and standard errors of the different measures and the corresponding t test results.

Please note that the EPSB is no longer printing and mailing educator certificates . Educators can retrieve a copy of their certificate for applications that were approved after March 16, 2018, by logging into their EPSB account and clicking on My Application Status to download their certificate from a PDF file. For a copy of a certificate approved before March 16, 2018, a CA-2 will need to be submitted. Only the individual educator can access the certificate, as he or she must log into the personal EPSB account.

no longer printing and mailing educator certificates

School districts should verify the educator’s credential information listed on the printed copy certificate in Kentucky Educator Certification Inquiry (KECI) on the EPSB website.

The Division of Educator Preparation, Assessment, and Internship ensures that preparation programs for Kentucky educators meet established standards of quality. It facilitates the accreditation process, reviews programs and continuous assessment materials, and provides technical assistance for program improvement. This division maintains the array of assessments required for teacher and administrator certification. It oversees the and the designed to provide assistance to new teachers and principals.

The Education Professional Standards Board is responsible for issuing and renewing certificates for all Kentucky teachers and administrators. Staff works closely with local school districts in the hiring process to ensure a properly credentialed educator in every professional position in Kentucky schools. Staff also works with Kentucky colleges and universities, out-of-state institutions, and national evaluation agencies. EPSB processes approximately 40,000 certification transactions annually.

The Education Professional Standards Board (EPSB) is responsible for investigating and prosecuting all cases of educator misconduct. Kentucky Revised Statute 161.028 stipulates that the EPSB has the authority to suspend or revoke the certificates of educators that engage in misconduct, or impose other conditions that protect the safety of students, and the integrity of the profession. EPSB annually processes more than 300 disciplinary cases and 250 character and fitness cases.
The Education Professional Standards Board, in full collaboration and cooperation with its education partners, promotes high levels of student achievement by establishing and enforcing rigorous professional standards for preparation, certification, and responsible and ethical behavior of all professional educators in Kentucky.

Information Technology Branch

The Education Professional Standards Board (EPSB) publishes reports and information related to quality in educator preparation and practice. In addition, EPSB provides research support and cooperates with a variety of external researchers. Research reviews developed by EPSB staff are provided as an informational service only. Placement of a research report on this site does not necessarily imply that the conclusions or recommendations of the report represent an official position of the EPSB.

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Board Action Concerning Certification Issuance Process
by Jimmy Adams - Thursday, May 17, 2018, 11:06 AM

During the May 3, 2018, special called meeting of the Education Professional Standards Board (EPSB), the Board took action on the certification issuance process affected by the suspension of the Kentucky Teacher Internship Program (KTIP).

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